AquaFuel Hydrogen Reactor
What is it?
This is basically my re-production of a COH2 (Carbon monoxide/Hydrogen) production unit. This invention was patented in 1898 by Hilliary Eldridge. There have been many reproduction of this type of gas producing unit by JL Naudin and BlazeLabs, so I won't go into huge amounts of detail here.
All it really is doing is splitting the H2O molecules up by using an arc under water. You use carbon rods to provide the carbon atom which joins with the oxygen (CO) and the hydrogen is left on it's own (H-H).
The outcome of this is you have a readily combustible fuel that produces an explosion; perfect for engines; and creates only CO2 and Water from this, with a trace of carbon monoxide. This is better than using fossil fuels but still not perfect.
How I did it:
What I used was an AC Arc welder (Wolf Power 150Amp), a glass spaggetti jar (lucky find at a local shop), some heavy gauge copper wire, a right angle gas fitting, some threaded rod and carbon rods (from inside D cell batteries).
This is fairly easy to construct and parts can be scavenged easily. To get the carbon rods you just need to carefully open up some D cell batteries (thicker carbon rods in D cells).
Also the Arc should be power by AC rather than DC as the gas production is alot more.
The power level required to get an arc to flow through water is quite high, at least 40 Amps at 48V AC. I ran mine at 55 Amp right through to nearly 100 Amp. My arc welder wasn't sounding to good though at 100 Amp. I should think the house power meter was spinning round at mach 1!
To set the carbon rods up is rather tricky as you need to insulate the two power wires from the holding rails and at the same time still secure the carbon rods to the rails. My solution was to put a peice of polyproplene between the connecting blocks and the rails.
I found that the gap between the two rods needed to be just touching each other to start the arc. When the reactor starts up it produces an amazing light! It's Very Very bright, I do warn you now, this is an arc light and contains UV radiation and will damage your eye sight! So wear Sun Glasses! When I demonstrated it to a friend, I could just about see his grinning face as this extreme light hit us and the noise of the bubbling jug made it even more fascinating!
In the photos you can see the setup together with the carbon rods. The rods were not always rusty I can assure you! This is what has happened after a few runs! As you can also see that the carbon rods have what looks like small holes blown in them, this a problem that would have to be overcome if it were to be of any use. The carbon bits were blown off during use and were found floating in water afterwards.
The maximum run time between altering the distance between the carbon rods I achieved was about 30 seconds! Not very good for running an engine from hey! To improve this I could have used a servo motor pushing the rods down continuously to maintain the arc.
I tried collecting the gas produced in a simple up-turned water filled bottle. The amount produced within 30 seconds of running was enough to fill a 300ml bottle (10ml gas in 1 second). This is 100's of times better than the electrolysis process, but requires so much power to achieve it.
After running the unit, an over-powering smell of eggs and sulphur can be smelt. Also your probably wondering why I have a coil wrapped around the base of the unit in the first image. Well this was because I thought about using a strong magnetic field to assist in the atomic seperation of the molecules. I applied a DC voltage of 44v at 6 amp to a coil made from 150 turns of 28AWG wire on an aluminium former. This however did not effect the gas production as the amount produced stayed the same.
The Video of the unit in operation:
Or download below
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© Oliver Hunt 2006-2011